Tuesday, November 28, 2017

When I checked with "children of" it seems to be true

I was Just Answering Sn Claiming That Life Expectancy has Been Around 30 · When I checked with "children of" it seems to be true · Were Middle Ages Healthier? Yes.

All of below from wikipedia, except [what I added in square brackets], until I say "stop".

Julius Caesar
Julia (Classical Latin: IVLIA•CAESARIS•FILIA), c. 76 BC–54 BC
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar[note 1] (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλομήτωρ Καῖσαρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr Philomḗtōr Kaĩsar "Ptolemy, Beloved of his Father, Beloved of his Mother, Caesar"; June 23, 47 BC – August 23, 30 BC)
Augustus (Latin: Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;[note 1][note 2] 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD)

Julia the Elder (30 October 39 BC – AD 14)

Drusus Julius Caesar (7 October 13 BC – 14 September AD 23)
Germanicus (Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19)
Drusus Caesar (Latin: Drusus Iulius Caesar Germanicus, AD 7 – AD 33)

Julia Drusilla (Classical Latin: IVLIA•DRVSILLA;[1] summer of AD 39 – 24 January 41)
Tiberius Julius Caesar Nero Gemellus, known as Tiberius Gemellus (10 October AD 19–AD 37 or 38)
? Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus (c. 35–68)

Tiberius Claudius Drusus (Classical Latin: CLAVDIVS•DRVSVS or CLAVDIVS•DRVSVS•CLAVDII•FILIVS;[1] c. AD 16 – AD 20)
Claudia Antonia (Classical Latin: ANTONIA•CLAUDII•CAESARIS•FILIA[1]) (c. AD 30–AD 66)
Claudia Octavia (Classical Latin: CLAVDIA•OCTAVIA)[1] (late AD 39 or early AD 40 – 8 June AD 62)
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (ca. 12 February AD 41 – 11 February AD 55)
Nero (/ˈnɪəroʊ/; Latin: Nerō Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus;[i] 15 December 37 AD – 9 June 68 AD)

Claudia Augusta (Classical Latin: [ˈklawdɪa]; January 63 – April 63)

no known children

no known children

no known children

Titus (Latin: Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus;[a] 30 December 39 AD – 13 September 81 AD)
Domitian (/dəˈmɪʃən, -iən/; Latin: Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus;[2] 24 October 51 – 18 September 96)
Flavia Domitilla the Younger or Flavia Domitilla Minor (c. 45 – c. 66) was the only daughter of the Roman Emperor Vespasian and Flavia Domitilla the Elder. Her elder brother was Titus, and her younger brother Domitian. At the age of fifteen, she was married to Quintus Petillius Cerialis, with whom she had a daughter, the later Christian saint Flavia Domitilla.

Julia Flavia (13 September 64 – 91) was the daughter and only child to Roman Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla.

son (80–83)

Trajan (/ˈtreɪdʒən/; Latin: Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus;[1] 18 September 53 – 8 August 117 AD)

Hadrian (/ˈheɪdriən/; Latin: Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus;[note 1][2][note 2] 24 January 76 – 10 July 138)

Lucius Aelius Caesar (January 13, 101 – January 1, 138)
Antoninus Pius (Latin: Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius;[2][3] 19 September 86 – 7 March 161)

Antininus Pius
Annia Galeria Faustina Minor (Minor is Latin for the Younger), Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger (born probably 21 September[1] c. 130 CE,[2] died in winter of 175 or spring of 176 CE[3])
one other daughter
and two sons
and two sons

Lucius Verus
Aurelia Lucilla (daughter, died young)
Lucius Verus (son, died young)
Plautia (daughter, died young)

Marcus Aurelius
Annia Aurelia Galeria Faustina (30 November 147[1]-after 165)
Gemellus Lucillae (died around 150), twin brother of Lucilla
Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla (148/150–182), twin sister of Gemellus, married her father's co-ruler Lucius Verus
Titus Aelius Antoninus (born after 150, died before 7 March 161)
Titus Aelius Aurelius (born after 150, died before 7 March 161)
Hadrianus (152–157)
Domitia Faustina (born after 150, died before 7 March 161)
Annia Aurelia Fadilla (159–after 211)
Annia Cornificia Faustina Minor (160–after 211)
Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus (161–165), twin brother of Commodus
Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (Commodus) (161–192), twin brother of Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus, later emperor
Marcus Annius Verus Caesar (162–169)
Vibia Aurelia Sabina (170–died before 217)

no known children

no known children

Didius Julianus
Didia Clara (born about 153) ... Didia Clara was reputedly one of the most beautiful women in Rome, but virtually nothing is known about her life or her personality. In her younger years, she was betrothed to a paternal cousin; but in 193 she married Sextus Cornelius Repentinus, who served as prefect of Rome during the brief period that his father-in-law reigned, starting 28 March 193. When her father died on 1 June 193, the new emperor Septimius Severus removed her title. Within a month, her mother died. She survived her parents; however her fate afterwards is unknown.

Septimius Severus
Caracalla (/ˌkærəˈkælə/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus;[1] 4 April 188 – 8 April 217)
Geta (Publius, or Lucius, Septimius Geta Augustus;[note 1] 7 March 189 – 26 December 211)

Diadumenian (Latin: Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus Augustus) (September 14/19, 208 – 218) ... When Macrinus was defeated on 8 June 218, at Antioch, Diadumenian's death followed his father's.

Severus Alexander (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus;[1] 1 October 208 – 19 March 235)

Severus Alexander
Alexander did not father children with any of his wives.

Maximinus Thrax
Gaius Julius Verus Maximus (217/220 – May 238) ... Both were murdered by the Praetorian Guard in May 238, during the Siege of Aquileia in the Year of the Six Emperors.

Gordian I
Gordian II (Latin: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus Augustus;[3] c. 192 – April 12, 238)
Antonia Gordiana (201 - ?) ... mother to Roman Emperor Gordian III.

Gordian II
no spouse

Gordian III
no known children

Tiberius Clodius Pupienus Pulcher Maximus (c. 195 – aft. 224/226 or aft. 235)
Marcus Pupienus Africanus Maximus (c. 200 – aft. 236)
Pupiena Sextia Paulina Cethegilla, wife of Marcus Ulpius Eubiotus Leurus.

nothing known

Philip the Arab
Marcus Julius Philippus Severus, also known as Philippus II, Philip II and Philip the Younger (238–249) His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged twelve years.
Julia Severa or Severina,
Quintus Philippus Severus

Herennius Etruscus (Latin: Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius Augustus;[1] ca. 227 – June 251) ... both Herennius and Decius died in the Battle of Abrittus and became the first two emperors to be killed by a foreign army in battle.
Hostilian (Latin: Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus Augustus;[1] 230? – 251) was Roman emperor in 251. ... But later in 251, the Plague of Cyprian broke out in the Empire and Hostilian died in the epidemic. He was the first emperor in 40 years to die of natural causes, one of only 13.

[Yes, the persecutors of the Church tend to perish miserably.]

Trebonianus Gallus
Volusianus (Latin: Gaius Vibius Volusianus Augustus;[1] died August 253), also known as Volusian, was a Roman Emperor from 251 to 253. ... Father and son were both killed in 253 by mutinous troops in Interamna. He is known to have had a sister:
Vibia Galla

no known children

Gallienus (/ˌɡæliˈɛnəs/; Latin: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus;[1] c. 218 – 268)
Licinius Valerianus (also known as Valerianus Minor) (died 268 AD) ... He died in the wake of his brother's assassination in 268

Claudius Gothicus
no known children

2 sons
2 sons (surviving him)

no known children

no known children

no known children

no known children

Carinus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Carinus Augustus;[1] died 285)
Numerian (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus Augustus;[1] died 20 November 284)
Aurelia Paulina

Marcus Aurelius Nigrinianus ... died in infancy in late 284 or early 285. After his death he was given divine status.

no known children

Galeria Valeria (died 315) was the daughter of Roman Emperor Diocletian and wife of his co-emperor Galerius. Born as Valeria to Diocletian and Prisca, she married Galerius in 293, when her father elevated him to the position of Caesar. This marriage was clearly organized to strengthen the bonds between the two emperors.

Galeria was raised to the title of Augusta and Mater Castrorum in November 308. Since Galerius fathered no child with her, Galeria adopted her husband's illegitimate son, Candidianus, as her own.

When Galerius died, in 311, Licinius was entrusted with the care of Valeria and her mother Prisca. The two women, however, fled from Licinius to Maximinus Daia, whose daughter was betrothed to Candidianus. After a short time, Valeria refused the marriage proposal of Maximinus, who arrested and confined her in Syria and confiscated her properties. At the death of Maximinus, Licinius ordered the death of both women. Valeria fled, hiding for a year, until she was found in Thessaloniki. She was captured by the mob, beheaded in the central square of the city, and her body thrown in the sea.[1]

Galeria was sympathetic towards Christians, while Galerius persecuted them. She was canonized as a Christian saint with her mother (see Saint Alexandra).

[Have we seen a daughter of Stalin lately?]

Constantius Chlorus
Constantine the Great (Latin: Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus;[2] Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD[1] – 22 May 337 AD)
Flavius Dalmatius (died 337), also known as Dalmatius the Censor, was a censor (333), and a member of the Constantinian dynasty, which ruled over the Roman Empire at the beginning of the 4th century.
Julius Constantius (died September 337) was a politician of the Roman Empire and a member of the Constantinian dynasty, being a son of Emperor Constantius Chlorus and his second wife Flavia Maximiana Theodora, a younger half-brother of Emperor Constantine I and the father of Emperor Julian.
Flavia Julia Constantia (after 293 – c. 330) was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus and his second wife, Flavia Maximiana Theodora.
Eutropia (died 350) was the daughter of Emperor Constantius Chlorus and of Flavia Maximiana Theodora, ... She married Virius Nepotianus and bore him a son, Nepotianus, who later became a short-lived Roman usurper, when Magnentius was proclaimed emperor in 350; after a period of twenty-eight days in early June 350, Nepotianus was killed, and probably this led to the execution of Eutropia by order of Magnentius' magister officiorum Marcellinus. Virius Nepotianus was consul in 336.
Anastasia was associated with a plot to assassinate Constantine. Her husband, Bassianus, was found to be plotting against Constantine.

[of himself:]
"He exhibited anti-Roman attitude as soon as he had attained the highest power, treating the Roman citizens with ruthless cruelty, like the conquerors treated the conquered, all in the name of the same treatment that the victorious Trajan had applied to the conquered Dacians, forefathers of Galerius, two centuries before."
[his] issue:
Valeria Maximilla ... married Maxentius around 293 (the exact date is unknown) in what was likely an attempt to forge an alliance between the families of Galerius and Maxentius' father Maximian, himself Emperor in the West. She bore two sons: the eldest, Valerius Romulus, was born c. 294; the other son's name is not recorded, but might be Aurelius Valerius, who was executed in 312. As an emperor's daughter, she was entitled nobilissima femina. ... Maximilla may be the nameless queen who appears in the hagiography of St. Catherine of Alexandria by Jacobus de Voragine (one of the fantastic stories in the "Golden Legend"). In this story, the queen converted to Christianity after meeting with Catherine, and the both of them were then tortured and executed by Maxentius, depicted here as a persecutor of Christians.

Maximinus Daia
no known children

Licinius II or Licinius the Younger (full name: Valerius Licinianus Licinius) (approx. 315–326) was the son of Roman emperor Licinius. On the first of March 317, he was raised to the rank of Caesar at the age of 20 months; nominally serving as such in the eastern empire until 324 AD, while his father was Augustus. His mother was Licinius' wife Flavia Julia Constantia, who was also the half-sister of Constantine I.

After his defeat by Constantine at the Battle of Chrysopolis, Licinius the elder was initially spared and placed in captivity at Thessalonica. However, within a year Constantine seems to have regretted his leniency and the former Emperor was hanged.

The younger Licinius, who was Constantine's nephew, also fell victim to the emperor's suspicions and was killed, probably in the context of the execution of Crispus in 326.[1]

Other reports relate that Licinius the younger was forced into slavery in the imperial textile factories in Africa, where a "son of Licinianus" is noted in an imperial rescript dated 336. However, the rescript makes it clear that the "son of Licinianus" referred to was not likely to have been Licinius II, as the text contains a directive that the textile worker be reduced to the slave status of his birth. No son of Constantine's sister would have been referred to in this manner.

[Not sure the reference could not have been deliberate. See how The Last Emperor was treated by Mao.]

Constantine the Great
Constantina (also named Constantia and Constantiana; b. after 307/before 317 – d. 354), and later known as Saint Constance, was the eldest daughter of Roman emperor Constantine the Great and his second wife Fausta, daughter of Emperor Maximian.
Helena (died 360) was the wife of Julian, Roman Emperor in 360–363. She was briefly his Empress consort when Julian was proclaimed Augustus by his troops in 360. She died prior to the resolution of his conflict with Constantius II.

Gibbon notes that Helena's "pregnancy had been several times fruitless, and was at last fatal to herself." Gibbon used as his source another work by Libanius, "a very weak apology, to justify his hero [Julian] from a very absurd charge of poisoning his wife, and rewarding her physician with his mother's jewels."[27] An entry of the Liber Pontificalis, the one covering Pope Liberius, mentions Helena being a devout Christian and an adherent of the Nicene Creed. However, like Sozomen, the entry writer confused her with her sister and calls her "Constantia Augusta".

Flavius Julius Crispus (died 326), also known as Flavius Claudius Crispus and Flavius Valerius Crispus, was a Caesar of the Roman Empire. He was the first-born son of Constantine I and Minervina.

Crispus' year and place of birth are uncertain. He is considered likely to have been born between 299 and 305, possibly as early as 295, somewhere in the Eastern Roman Empire, probably the early date since he was being tutored already in 309-310 by Lactantius.

Constantine II (Latin: Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus;[1] January/February 316 – 340) was Roman Emperor from 337 to 340. Son of Constantine the Great and co-emperor alongside his brothers, his attempt to exert his perceived rights of primogeniture led to his death in a failed invasion of Italy in 340.

The eldest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, after the death of his half-brother Crispus, Constantine II was born in Arles in February 316[2] and raised as a Christian.

Constantius II (Latin: Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus;[1][2] 7 August 317 – 3 November 361) was Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death.

Constans (Latin: Flavius Iulius Constans Augustus;[1] c. 323[1][2] – 350) or Constans I was Roman Emperor from 337 to 350. He defeated his brother Constantine II in 340, but anger in the army over his personal life (homosexuality) and favouritism towards his barbarian bodyguards led the general Magnentius to rebel, resulting in the assassination of Constans in 350.

All of above from wikipedia, except [what I added in square brackets]. Now for counting together, and here we get going:

Ladies : DY DY DY 00 01 SV SV SV SV SV SV SV
Ladies : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
SV SV SV SV SV 22 22 27 35 36 45 45 45 53
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

5/26 DY, 3/26 probably in childbirth, median of known ages 27/35 :
Ladies : 00 01 21 22 22 27 35 36 45 45 45 53
Ladies : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12

Gents : DY DY DY DY DY DY DY DY 03 03 04 04
Gents : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
05 07 10 11 11 14 17 18 18 SV SV SV SV SV SV
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
SV SV SV SV 21 22 24 26 27 27 29 31 31 33 34
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
34 36 37 41 44 45 45 46 50 62 64 65 75 77
43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56

21/56 DY, including some murdered, median of known ages 27/29 :
Gents : 03 03 04 04 05 07 10 11 11 14 17 18
Gents : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
18 21 22 24 26 27 27 29 31 31 33 34 34 36
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
37 41 44 45 45 46 50 62 64 65 75 77
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Lower quartile, 14. Higher quartile, 44.
?????? 6 persons not known

It would seem, imperial palaces of Ancient Rome were very unhealthy places. Is it because it is before Antibiotics, or do we see some improvement in, for instance, Middle Ages? I mean, absence or reduction of murder tends to improve life expectancy.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St. Sosthenes

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