Saturday, December 9, 2017

France St Louis IX to Louis XI, III

France St Louis IX to Louis XI : Part I · Part II · Part III · Part IV · Part V
Stats: Age at death · Age at first marriage : a rough estimate

Continuing the two previous.

Henry IV, Count of Bar
Il épousa en 1338 Yolande de Dampierre (1331 † 1395) [marriage contract, OK]
Édouard II (1339 † 1352), comte de Bar
Robert Ier (1344 † 1411), comte puis duc de Bar

Robert, Duke of Bar
In 1364 he married Marie of Valois, the daughter of king John II of France and Bonne of Luxembourg.[3]
Yolande of Bar, (1365 †1431); in 1380 married John I of Aragon (1350 †1396).[4]
Henry of Bar, (1362 †1397), Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson, seigneur de Marle; in 1384 married Marie de Coucy. Taken prisoner at the Battle of Nicopolis and died of the plague.
Philippe (1372 †1396); also killed at the Battle of Nicopolis.
Charles (1373 †1392), seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou.
Marie (1374 †?); in 1384 married William II, Marquis of Namur, Margrave of Namur (1355 †1418) (not to be confused with Namor)
Edward III of Bar (1377 †1415), Duke of Bar; killed at the Battle of Agincourt.
Louis I, Duke of Bar (between 1370 and 1375 – 26 June 1430); Bishop of Verdun, cardinal.
Yolande the younger (c. 1378 – 10 January 1421); in 1400 married Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg (†1437).
John of Bar, seigneur de Puisaye (1380 †1415), seigneur de Puisaye; killed at the Battle of Agincourt.
Bonne (†1436);[5] in 1393 married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny (1357 †1415), Count of Ligny and of Saint-Pol.
Jeanne (†1402); in 1393 married Théodore II Paléologue, Marquis of Montferrat (1361 †1418)

Violant of Bar
She was married in 1380 at the age of 15 to John, Duke of Girona,[3] the heir apparent to the throne of Aragon, thus becoming Duchess of Girona and Countess of Cervera. Her husband became King of Aragon in 1387.
James (1382–1388), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
Yolande (Zaragoza 1384 - Saumur 14 November 1442),[3] married on 2 December 1400 at Louis II of Naples. She played a role in the history of France.
Ferdinand (1389 - Monzón October 1389), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
Joanna (1392 - Barcelona 4 August 1396)
Antonia (b and d 1392)
Peter (1394-1394), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera

Yolande of Aragon
She was betrothed in 1390 to Louis, the heir of Anjou (who had one year earlier succeeded in conquering Naples and become King Ludovico II of Naples), and married him on 2 December 1400 [16] at Montpellier.
Louis III of Anjou (25 September 1403 – 12 November 1434), Duke of Anjou, Titular King of Naples. He was adopted by Queen Joanna II of Naples.
Marie of Anjou (14 October 1404 – 29 November 1463). Married in 1422 King Charles VII of France. Had issue including King Louis XI of France
René I of Naples (16 January 1409 – 10 July 1480), Duke of Anjou and Bar, Duke Consort of Lorraine, Titular King of Sicily and Naples. Married Duchess Isabella of Lorraine. They were the parents of Margaret of Anjou, Queen-Consort of England
Yolande of Anjou (13 August 1412 – 17 July 1440). Married in 1431 Francis, Count of Montfort l'Amaury, who succeeded his father in 1442 as Dule of Brittany
Charles of Anjou (14 October 1414 – 10 April 1472), Count of Maine (who never was duke of Anjou, but his namesake son was). Married firstly Cobella Ruffo and secondly Isabelle de St.Pol, Countess of Guise. Had issue by both marriages.

Marie of Anjou
see King Charles VII

René of Anjou
first marriage
Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine : On 24 October 1420, she married René of Anjou. In the marriage contract, it was specified that she would inherit Lorraine, as he would inherit Bar and Pont-à-Mousson, and that their child and heir would inherit all their domains, thereby uniting them
John II (2 August 1424 – 16 December 1470), Duke of Lorraine and King of Naples, married Marie de Bourbon, daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, by whom he had issue. He also had several illegitimate children.
Louis (16 October 1427 – between 22 May and 16 October 1444), Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson and Lieutenant General of Lorraine. At the age of five, in 1432, he was sent as a hostage to Dijon with his brother John in exchange for their captive father. John was released, but Louis was not and died of pneumonia in prison.
Nicholas (2 November 1428 – 1430), twin with Yolande.
Yolande (2 November 1428 – 23 March 1483), married Frederick ΙΙ of Lorraine, count of Vaudemont; mother, among others, of duke René II of Lorraine.
Margaret (23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482), married King Henry VI of England, by whom she had a son, Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales.
Charles (1431 – 1432), Count of Guise.
Isabelle (died young).
René (died young).
Louise (1436 – 1438).
Anne (1437 – 1450, buried in Gardanne). [Gardanne is between Aix and Marseille, and I have good memories of it.]
second marriage
Jeanne de Laval : A marriage contract was drawn up on 3 September 1454 between Jeanne's father and King René of Naples and Sicily. The wedding was celebrated on 10 September 1454, at the Abbey of St. Nicholas in Angers. At the age of twenty-one Jeanne married René, whose first wife, Isabella of Lorraine, had died the previous year. Jeanne's husband was more than twenty years her senior. The marriage, however, was happy.
children, none:
Jeanne, who was sweet and affectionate, seems to have been much loved by her husband. She became stepmother to René's children, who included the future John II, Duke of Lorraine, Margaret of Anjou, and Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine. Jeanne's marriage to René was childless.

John II, Duke of Lorraine
He married in 1444 Marie de Bourbon (1428–1448) [she was 16], daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon.
Isabelle (b. 1445), d. young
René (b. 1446), d. young
Marie (b. 1447), d. young
Jean (d. 1471),
Nicholas (1448–1473).

Nicholas I, Duke of Lorraine
illegitimate daughter d 1503

Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine
In 1445 [she was 16 or 17], she married her second cousin Frederick II, Count of Vaudémont (1420–1470), at Nancy. The marriage was a dynastic alliance, arranged to end the dispute which existed between René of Anjou and Frederick's father, Antoine of Vaudémont, regarding the succession to the Duchy of Lorraine.
René (future Duke of Lorraine) (1451–1508), Duke of Lorraine. On 1 September 1485 he married secondly, Philippa of Guelders, by whom he had issue, from whom descended Mary, Queen of Scots.
Nicolas of Lorraine, Lord of Joinville and Bauffremont, died in 1476.
Peter of Lorraine, died in 1451.
Jeanne of Lorraine (1458 – Jan. 25, 1480), married in 1474 to Charles IV, Duke of Anjou.[1] There was no issue from the marriage.
Yolande of Lorraine, who died in 1500, married William II, Landgrave of Hesse, by whom she had issue.
Marguerite of Lorraine (1463–1521), married René, Duke of Alençon (1454–1492). She had issue, from whom descended King Henry IV of France.

René II, Duke of Lorraine
René married Philippa of Guelders, daughter of Adolf, Duke of Guelders, in Orléans on 1 September 1485 [she was 17]
Charles (b. 17 August 1486, Nancy), d. young
Francis (5 July 1487, Pont-à-Mousson) (died at birth)
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (1489–1544)
Nicholas (9 April 1493, Nancy), d. young
Claude, Duke of Guise (1496–1550), first Duke of Guise
Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine and Bishop of Metz (1498–1550)
Louis, Count of Vaudémont (1500–1528)
François, Count of Lambesc (1506–1525)
Anne (19 December 1490, Bar-le-Duc – 1491)
Isabelle (2 November 1494, Lunéville – bef. 1508)
Claude and Catherine (twins) (24 November 1502, Bar-le-Duc), d. young

William II, Landgrave of Hesse
first marriage
On 9 November 1497 William II married Yolande, daughter of Frederick II of Vaudémont. She died on 21 May 1500 after the marriage produced one child
William (27 March 1500 – 8 April 1500)
second marriage
The same year on 20 October, his second marriage was to Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin [who was 15]
Elisabeth (4 March 1502 – 6 December 1557)
Magdalena (18 July 1503 – September 1504)
Philip I, (13 November 1504 – 31 March 1567)

Margaret of Lorraine, Blessed
childhood to marriage
Margaret was the youngest daughter of Frederick II, Count of Vaudémont and Yolande d'Anjou. She lost her father at the age of seven, and was brought up at Aix-en-Provence by her grandfather René of Anjou. The latter died in 1480 and she was sent back to Lorraine to her brother, René II. He arranged her marriage to René, Duke of Alençon, whom she wed in Toul on 14 May 1488 [when she was 15]
Charles IV of Alençon (1489–1525), married Marguerite of Angoulême as her first husband.
Françoise of Alençon, Duchess of Beaumont (1490- 14 September 1550), married firstly in 1505, François, Duke of Longueville; married secondly in 1513, Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, by whom she had thirteen children.
Anne, Lady of La Guerche (30 October 1492- 18 October 1562), married in 1508, William IX Palaeologos, Marquis of Montferrat by whom she had three children.
Left a widow in 1492, she busied herself in the administration of her duchy and the education of her children. When she was relieved of the duties imposed upon her by her position, she decided to renounce the world and retired to Mortagne, to a monastery of religious women who followed the rule of Saint Elizabeth. Later, having brought with her to Argentan some of these nuns, she founded there another monastery which she placed, with the authorization of the pope, under the rule of Saint Clare, modified by the Minor Observants.

She herself took the religious habit in this house and made her vows on 11 October 1520. On 2 November 1521, after having lived an austere life for a year, she died in her modest cell, at the age of sixty-two. Her body, preserved in the monastery of the Poor Clares, and when that monastery was suppressed, was transferred to the church of Saint Germain d'Argentan. In 1793, during the French Revolution, it was profaned and thrown into the common burial place.

The memory of Margaret of Lorraine is preserved in the Martyrologium franciscanum and in the Martyrologium gallicanum. After an invitation made by the bishop of Séez, Jacques Camus de Pontcarré, Louis XIII asked Pope Urban VIII to order a canonical inquiry into the virtues and the miracles of the Duchess.

Margaret of Anjou
On 23 April 1445 [when she was 15], Margaret married King Henry VI of England, who was eight years her senior, at Titchfield Abbey in Hampshire.
When he married Margaret, his mental condition was already unstable and by the birth of their only son, Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (born 13 October 1453), he had suffered a complete breakdown. (13 October 1453 – 4 May 1471)

Yolande of Anjou / Francis I, Duke of Brittany
latter's first marriage
Francis I's first marriage was to Yolande of Anjou, daughter of Louis II, Duke of Anjou and Yolande of Aragon; they were married at Nantes in 1431. [she was 19]
Francis and Yolande had a son, Renaud, Count of Montfort. His son Renaud died young and his wife Yolande died in 1440.
second marriage
His second marriage was to Isabel of Scotland (daughter of James I, King of Scots and Joan Beaufort); he married Isabel at the Château d'Auray on 30 October 1442. [she was 16]
Margaret of Brittany (1443–1469, Nantes), married Francis II, Duke of Brittany
Marie of Brittany (1444–1506), married John II, Viscount of Rohan and Count of Porhoët.

Margaret of Brittany
On 13 or 16 November 1455 [she was 12], Margaret was married to Francis of Étampes, her first cousin once removed, at the Château de l'Hermine in Vannes. She became Duchess of Brittany upon his accession as "Francis II, Duke of Brittany" in 1458.
Their only son John, Count of Montfort, died at a young age. (second marriage of Francis, see Margaret de Foix]

Marie of Brittany
Marie of Brittany married John II of Rohan, Viscount of Rohan, Count of Leon and Porhoët in 1462. [she was 18]
François (10 Jul 1469-killed in action 1488)
Jean (2 Oct 1476-2 Jun 1505)
Jacques, Viscount of Rohan and Leon, Count de Porhoet, (1478-16 Oct 1527); married first Françoise de Rohan; married second Françoise, daughter of Jean de Daillon (and later wife of Joachim de Goyon de Matignon, Count de Thorigny)
Georges (1479-1502)
Claude, (1480-15 Jul 1540) Bishop of Leon and after the death of his brother Jacques,Viscount of Rohan from 1527 until 1540.
Anne, Viscountess of Rohan (1485-5 April 1529) m.27 Sep 1515 Pierre de Rohan, Lord of Frontenay (k.a.1525) [1] Her son René I, Viscount of Rohan would later become the 18th Viscount of Rohan.
Marie, d.9 Jun 1542; m.17 Nov 1511 Louis IV de Rohan, Lord of Guémené (d.1527)

Charles, Count of Maine
first marriage
In 1434, he married Cobella Ruffo (d. 1442), Countess of Montalto and Corigliano
Jean Louis Marin of Anjou, died as an infant.
second marriage
in 1443, to Isabelle of Luxembourg (d. 1472)
Louise of Anjou (1445–1477, Carlat), married in 1462 [at 17] at Poitiers, Jacques d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (d. 1477).
Charles IV, Duke of Anjou (1446–1481)

Jacques d'Armagnac
In 1462, Jacques succeeded his father, and Louis XI married him to his god-daughter, Louise of Anjou, daughter of Charles of Le Maine.
Jacques (d. young)
Jean d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (1467–1500)
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours (1472–1503)
Marguerite d'Armagnac, Duchess of Nemours (d. 1503), married Peter de Rohan (d.1514)
Catherine d'Armagnac (d. 1487), married John II, Duke of Bourbon in 1484
Charlotte d'Armagnac, Duchess of Nemours (d. 1504), married Charles de Rohan (d.1504)

Jean d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
He married Yolande de La Haye (d. 1517) in 1492, but had no children.

Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
not married. Since his sisters have no own articles, we'll use those of their husbands.

Pierre de Rohan-Gié
premier mariage
Arrangé par Louis XI, il avait épousé en premières noces le 20 janvier 147613 Françoise de Penhoët21, vicomtesse de Fronsac, dame de La Boëssière, La Marche en Bédée (La Marché), La Motte-Glain
Charles (1478 † 1528), seigneur de Gié et de La Marché, comte de Guise par son mariage en 1504 avec Charlotte d'Armagnac (cf. ci-dessous ; elle † peu après) ; fait comte d'Orbec par François Ier en janvier 1527 en échange du comté de Guise
François (1479 † 1536), archevêque de Lyon (1502-1536)
Pierre II († 1525), seigneur de Frontenay, et de Gié, mari d'Anne de Rohan : d'où la suite des vicomtes de Rohan comtes de Porhoët
secondes noces
Veuf, il s'était remarié en 1503 avec Marguerite d'Armagnac († 1503), comtesse de Guise, fille de Jacques d'Armagnac, duc de Nemours et comte de la Marche, et de Louise d'Anjou. Ils n'eurent pas d'enfants.

John II, Duke of Bourbon
first marriage
In 1447, his father, the Duke of Bourbon, had his heir married to a daughter of Charles VII, King of France, Joan of Valois. [she was 12]
They were duly married at the Château de Moulins. They had no surviving issue.
second marriage
In 1484 at St. Cloud to Catherine of Armagnac, daughter of Jacques of Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, who died in 1487 while giving birth to
John of Bourbon (Moulins, 1487 - 1487), styled Count of Clermont
third marriage
In 1487 he married Jeanne of Bourbon-Vendôme, daughter of John of Bourbon, Count of Vendôme, by whom he had one son
by whom he had one son
Louis of Bourbon (1488 - 1488), styled Count of Clermont

Charles de Rohan-Gié
premières noces
Afin de conserver Guise dans la famille, il épouse le 24 février 1504 Charlotte d'Armagnac, comtesse de Guise et dame de Sablé, fille de Jacques d'Armagnac, duc de Nemours et comte de la Marche, et de Louise d'Anjou, la sœur de la seconde épouse de son père. Mais Charlotte meurt en août 1504 et un procès oppose alors la Maison de Rohan à celle de Lorraine à propos de la possession de Guise.
secondes noces
il se remarie avec Giovanna di Sanseverino, fille de Bernardino di Sanseverino, prince de Bisignano et de Jeanne/Diane Eléonore Piccolimini d’Aragon (arrière-petite-fille illégitime par les femmes d’Alphonse V d'Aragon).
François (1515 † 1559) seigneur de Gyé, vicomte de Fronsac et comte d'Orbec
Claude de Thoury de Rohan-Gié, célèbre maîtresse du Roi François Ier.
la marquise Jacqueline de Rohan-Gyé († 1587), mariée à François d'Orléans-Longueville, marquis de Rothelin. Leur fils fut le duc Léonor et leur fille épousa Louis Ier prince de Bourbon-Condé, d'où les Bourbon-Soissons, fondus dans les d'Albert de Luynes comtes de Dunois et dans les Savoie-Carignan ancêtres des rois d'Italie.

Charles IV, Duke of Anjou
In 1474 he married Joan of Lorraine (1458 – 25 January 1480), daughter of Frederick II of Vaudémont, but they had no children. He died on 10 December 1481. He willed his inheritance to his cousin Louis XI of France, whose heirs thus obtained a claim to the affairs of Italy, pursued in the next decades.

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