1)

**Φιλολoγικά/Philologica :**Osgood and the Dating of Abraham? And I am Wrong on Fibonacci Table · 2)

**Creation vs. Evolution :**Recalibrating the Fibonacci Table, acc. to Abraham in Chalcolithic En Gedi · 3) If Göbekli Tepe is Tower of Babel ...

Osgood argues that Abraham was contemporaneous with Ghassulian (specifically Ghassulian IV) and with Jemdet Nasr.

CMI : The Times of Abraham

By Dr A.J.M. Osgood

http://creation.com/the-times-of-abraham

c. 3800–c. 3350 BC Ghassulian refers to a culture and an archaeological stage dating to the Middle Chalcolithic Period in the Southern Levant (c. 3800–c. 3350 BC)

The dates for Ghassulian are dependent upon 14C (radiocarbon) determinations, which suggest that the typical later Ghassulian began sometime around the mid-5th millennium and ended ca. 3800 BC. The transition from Late Ghassulian to EB I seems to have been ca. 3800-3500 BC.

Osgood's argument for Ghassulian is related to En-Geddi.

3100–2900 BC - Jemdet Nasr

Although in older literature 3200–3000 BC can be found as the beginning and end dates of the Jemdet Nasr period, it is nowadays dated to 3100–2900 BC based on radiocarbon dating.

Osgood's argument for Jemdet Nasr is related to Chedorlaomer.

Ein GediNeolithic

At Mikveh Cave archaeologists found Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) flint tools and an arrowhead.[citation needed] Chalcolithic

A Chalcolithic temple (ca. mid-fourth millennium BCE) belonging to the Ghassulian culture was excavated on the slope between two springs, Ein Shulamit and Ein Gedi. More Chalcolithic finds were made at the Moringa and Mikveh Caves.

This leaves either PPNA or c. 3500 BC as the periods relevant for Ein Gedi. If Osgood is wrong, it is PPNA.

Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) denotes the first stage in early Levantine and Anatolian Neolithic culture, dating around 11,500 to 10,000 BP.

If Abraham was in Ein Gedi during PPNA, he was contemporary with Göbekli Tepe. Any recalibration I or any other creationist makes, since in raw data, as interpreted by conventional (and erroneous) carbon date calibration.

- 2957 BC
- 3,90625 % + 26 800 years, 29 757 BC (or less carbon and earlier?
~~20 000 – 50 000~~) - 2778 BC
- 40,23593 % + 7550 years, 10 328 BC
- 2599 BC
- 62,75068 % + 3850 years, 6449 BC
- 2420 BC
- 76,66562 % + 2200 years, 4620 BC
- 2241 BC
- 86,26541 % + 1200 years, 3441 BC
- 2062 BC
- 91,58056 % + 730 years, 2792 BC
- 1883 BC
- 94,86521 % + 440 years, 2323 BC
- 1704 BC
- 96,89571 % + 260 years, 1964 BC
- 1525 BC
- 98,14985 % + 150 years, 1675 BC
- 1346 BC
- 98,92632 % + 90 years, 1436 BC
- 1167 BC
- 99,40408 % + 50 years, 1217 BC
- 988 BC
- 99,70269 % + 30 years, 1018 BC
- 809 BC
- 99,88185 % + 10 years, 819 BC
- 630 BC
- 100,00129 % 0 years ±, 630 BC

2241 86,26541 %

2420 76,66562 %

4661 9,59979 : 1.618 =

2330 05.9331211372064277 %

2017 76,66562 %

4347 82,5987411372064277 % * 59.105 %

= 48.819985949145859092085 % = 5950

5950-2017=3933

2062 91,58056 %

2241 86,26541 %

4303 05,31515 : 1.618 =

2151 03.2850123609394314 %

2017 86,26541 %

4168 89.5504223609394314 % * 60.399 %

= 54.087559601783807171286 % = 5100

5100-2017=3083

1883 94,86521 %

2062 91,58056 %

3945 03.28465 : 1.618 =

1972 02.0300679851668727 %

2017 91,58056 %

3989 93.6106279851668727 % * 61.721 %

= 57.777415698724845499167 % = 4550

4550-2017=2533

- 2420 BC
- 76.66562 % + 2200 years, 4620 BC
- 2330
- 82.5987411372064277 % + 1600 years, 3933 BC
- 2241 BC
- 86,26541 % + 1200 years, 3441 BC
- 2151
- 89.5504223609394314 % + 910 years, 3083 BC
- 2062 BC
- 91,58056 % + 730 years, 2792 BC
- 1972 BC
- 93.6106279851668727 % + 550 years, 2533 BC
- 1883 BC
- 94.86521 % + 440 years, 2323 BC

What was, again, Osgoods argument for Jemdet Nasr?

Elam.

Knowledge of Elamite history remains largely fragmentary, reconstruction being based on mainly Mesopotamian (Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian) sources. The history of Elam is conventionally divided into three periods, spanning more than two millennia. The period before the first Elamite period is known as the proto-Elamite period:

Proto-Elamite: c. 3200 – c. 2700 BC (Proto-Elamite script in Susa)

Old Elamite period: c. 2700 – c. 1600 BC (earliest documents until the Eparti dynasty)

Middle Elamite period: c. 1500 – c. 1100 BC (Anzanite dynasty until the Babylonian invasion of Susa)

Neo-Elamite period: c. 1100 – 540 BC (characterized Assyrian and Median influence. 539 BC marks the beginning of the Achaemenid period.)

Ein Gedi "3500 BC" = proto-Elamite "3200 BC"?

If any part of Abraham's life* is to be dated "3500 BC" conventional, then my table is off by (c. 2241-1972*=) c. 269 real years for 3441 BC conventional dating.

If any part of Abraham's life is to be dated "3200 BC" conventional, then my table is off by c. 179 real years for 3083 BC conventional dating. The unit of time spans for my table.

If Osgood is right about Ein Gedi, it is probably the former, and he is probably wrong about Jemdet Nasr, it was an earlier part of Proto-Elamite.

Hans Georg Lundahl

Nanterre UL

St John Bosco

31.I.2017

* Abraham was 43 in 1972 BC.