Friday, August 28, 2015

Popes elected while not yet bishops :

from List of papal coronations 1143–1963, an extract to correct the opinion that a non-bishop cannot validly be elected Pope.
 
Pope Date of coronation Note on episcopal consecration
 
Pope Celestine II October 3, 1143 On September 26 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alberic de Beauvais bishop of Ostia.
 
Pope Lucius II March 12, 1144 On the same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alberic de Beauvais, bishop of Ostia.
 
Pope Eugenius III March 14, 1145 On February 18 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Corrado della Suburra bishop of Sabina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Alexander III September 20, 1159 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ubaldo Allucingoli bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Antipope Paschal III July 22, 1167 On April 22, 1164 he was consecrated bishop of Rome at Lucca by Henry II of Leez prince-bishop of Liège (not a cardinal).
 
Pope Gregory VIII October 25, 1187 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome, probably by Cardinal Thibaud bishop of Ostia e Velletri (?).
 
Pope Celestine III April 14, 1191 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ottaviano di Paoli bishop of Ostia e Velletri and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Innocent III February 22, 1198 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ottaviano di Paoli, bishop of Ostia e Velletri and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
 
Pope Honorius III August 31, 1216 On July 24, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ugolino Conti di Segni bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Pope Innocent IV June 28, 1243 On that same day, he was consectrated bishop of Rome, probably by Cardinal Rinaldo Conti di Segni bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (?).
 
Pope Gregory X March 23, 1272 On March 19 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by (?) (possibly by Cardinal Odo of Châteauroux bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals).
 
Pope Nicholas III December 26, 1277 On December 19 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by (?) (possibly by Cardinal Bertrand de Saint-Martin bishop of Sabina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals).
 
Pope Martin IV March 23, 1281 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Pope Honorius IV May 19, 1285 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini, bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Pope Celestine V August 29, 1294 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome probably by Cardinal Hugh Aycelin bishop of Ostia e Velletri. He was crowned again a few days later (the only instance of a double papal coronation).
 
Pope Boniface VIII January 23, 1295 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Hugh Aycelin, bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Antipope Nicholas V May 15, 1328 On May 12 he was consecrated bishop of Rome also by Giacomo Alberti, at that time bishop of Castello.
 
Further note on “Nicholas V” : I have usually not copied deaconry row, but here is entry for “Nicholas V”: “pseudocardinal-bishop of Ostia e Velletri” – seems he thought it important to connect with tradition of non-episcopal elect being consecrated by bishops of Ostia.
 
Pope Urban V November 6, 1362 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Andouin Aubert bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Pope Gregory XI January 3, 1371 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Guy de Boulogne bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Boniface IX November 9, 1389 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Francesco Moricotti Prignano bishop of Palestrina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Antipope Benedict XIII October 11, 1394 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean de Neufchâtel bishop of Ostia e Velletri.
 
Antipope John XXIII May 25, 1410 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean Allarmet de Brogny bishop of Ostia e Velletri and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Martin V November 21, 1417 On November 14 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean Allarmet de Brogny, bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Sixtus IV August 25, 1471 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Guillaume d'Estouteville bishop of Ostia e Velletri and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Pius III October 8, 1503 On October 1 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, bishop of Ostia e Velletri and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Leo X March 19, 1513 On March 17 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Raffaele Riario, bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Marcellus II April 10, 1555 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Gian Pietro Carafa, bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Clement VIII February 9, 1592 On February 2 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alfonso Gesualdo bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Clement XI December 8, 1700 On November 30 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal de Bouillon bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Clement XIV June 4, 1769 On May 28 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Federico Marcello Lante bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Pius VI February 22, 1775 On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Albani, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
 
Pope Gregory XVI February 6, 1831 On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Bartolomeo Pacca bishop of Ostia e Velletri and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

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